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Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Founding: Norwegian South-Eastern Regional Health Authority
Parts of the results were presented at 51st Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society, 14th to 17th October 2021, Online
Pelvic floor symptoms differed from first pregnancy up to 8 years after delivery according to delivery mode. These differences were recognizable already prior to delivery.
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The aim of this study was to describe urinary incontinence, vaginal symptoms, and bowel control symptoms from 21 weeks of gestation in the first pregnancy and up to 8 years after the first delivery, stratified by delivery mode.
Already during pregnancy, women, who later delivered vaginally, had more and increasing pelvic floor symptoms compared to women who later delivered with cesarean. After delivery, women with cesarean delivery had lower symptom scores than women with vaginal delivery, however symptoms scores increased at 8-year follow-up in all delivery groups. Symptom scores were generally low in the entire population.
The differences in pelvic floor symptoms prior to delivery highlights the need of considering antenatal data, when assessing pelvic floor symptoms according to delivery mode.