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Medical and mental health implications of gestational surrogacy

Published:April 08, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2021.04.213
      Gestational surrogacy in the United States has quadrupled since 1999, but to date, only a few states explicitly permit compensated gestational surrogacy. Current legal prohibitions are often influenced by outdated and stereotyped understandings of surrogacy. It is increasingly important to understand the current literature about the medical and mental health impacts of surrogacy and how state legislatures have addressed compensated gestational surrogacy in recent years. Based on this review, we found no evidence of substantial adverse medical or psychological outcomes among women who are gestational carriers or among the children they give birth to. The literature suggests that gestational surrogacy is a safe and increasingly popular option for families as long as rigorous screening and medical, psychological, and social supports are equitably provided. As states move to responsibly legalize and regulate gestational surrogacy, there is a continued need for further longitudinal studies on the health and psychological outcomes of gestational surrogacy.

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