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- Anal incontinence in women with and those without pelvic floor disorders.Obstet Gynecol. 2005; 106: 1266-1271
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Mattsson NK, Nieminen K, Heikkinen A, et al. Validation of the short forms of the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7), and Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) in Finnish. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2017;15:88.
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Mattsson NK, Karjalainen P, Tolppanen AM, Heikkinen AM, Jalkanen J. Methods of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in a nationwide cohort (FINPOP 2015). Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019;98:451–9.
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This study was supported by Finnish Society for Gynecological Surgery , a nonprofit organization. Dr Karjalainen has received grants from Finnish Cultural Foundation , The Finnish Medical Foundation , and state research funding/Hospital District of Northern Savo. Funding sources were not involved with analysis or interpretation of the data.
The authors report no conflict of interest.
Cite this article as: Karjalainen PK, Mattsson NK, Nieminen K, et al. The relationship of defecation symptoms and posterior vaginal wall prolapse in women undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019;221:480.e1-10