If you don't remember your password, you can reset it by entering your email address and clicking the Reset Password button. You will then receive an email that contains a secure link for resetting your password
If the address matches a valid account an email will be sent to __email__ with instructions for resetting your password
The unpredictable nature of childbirth infrequently results in unplanned out of hospital birth, in pre- hospital setting. We sought to determine maternal characteristics and evaluate perinatal outcome of unplanned out-of-hospital births compared to attended in-hospital deliveries.
A population-based cohort analysis was performed including all registered singleton deliveries occurring between 1991-2014 at a single tertiary medical center. Maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of unplanned out-of-hospital births were compared with those of women who delivered in the hospital. Multivariable generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis was performed to control for confounders.
During the study period, 243,682 singleton deliveries met the inclusion criteria. Of them, 1.5% (n=3,580) were unplanned out-of-hospital births. Most out-of-hospital births occurred in multiparous women (95.9% vs. 76.1%; P<0.001). About a quarter of these women had inadequate prenatal care (26.2%), compared to only 8.7% of women who delivered in-hospital (P<0.001). Women who delivered out-of-hospital were less likely to be diagnosed with diabetes (pre-gestational or gestational) or hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (chronic, gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia) as compared with women who delivered in-hospital (2.4% vs. 5.0%, P<0.001 and 1.2% vs. 5.1%, P<0.001; respectively, Table 1). Preterm birth rates were higher for out-of-hospital births (9.1% vs. 6.8%; P<0.001) and those babies had higher rates of low birth weight (<2500 gr.) as compared with in-hospital birth (11.6% vs. 6.7%; P<0.001). Perinatal mortality rate was significantly higher for out-of-hospital births as compared with in- hospital births (15/1000 vs. 5/1000; P <0.001, Table 2). In the GEE model, while controlling for gestational age, diabetes, hypertensive disorders, smoking and ethnicity, out-of-hospital delivery was found to be an independent risk factor for perinatal mortality (adjusted OR=2.6, 95% CI 1.9-3.5, p<0.001).
Unplanned out-of-hospital delivery is an independent risk factor for perinatal mortality.