Effect of prostaglandin A1 on renal hemodynamics in pregnancy toxemia

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      PGA1 was infused at a constant rate for 2 hours in 35 pregnant women in the third trimester. Twenty-five patients had clinical manifestations of pregnancy toxemia and 10 served as control subjects. Two dose levels (0.5 to 1.0 μg/kg/min) were investigated and obstetric aspects as well as renal hemodynamics were evaluated. At the high-dose level, the drug induced labor in half the subjects (toxemia patients and control subjects) and elicited a hypotensive response only in hypertensive cases. A marked increase in GFR and RPF was achieved at both dose levels in all cases. Plasma electrolytes, osmolality, and urea levels were unaltered. Also, the infusions did not induce any appreciable diuresis or natriuresis. The mechanisms of the induced changes and possible etiologic involvement of PGA1 in toxemia are discussed.
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