Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
- Inpatient hysterectomy surveillance in the United States, 2000–2004.Am Obstet Gynecol. 2008; 198: e1-7
- Hysterectomy surveillance: United States, 1994–1999.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2002; 51: 1-8
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rate of all-listed procedures for discharges from short-stay hospitals, by procedure category and age: United States, 2010. Updated August 28, 2012. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhds/nhds_tables.htm#number. Accessed May 22, 2014.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Key statistics from the National Survey of Family Growth: Sterilization (female). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsfg/key_statistics/s.htm#sterilizationfemale. Accessed June 11, 2014.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Key statistics from the National Survey of Family Growth: Hysterectomy. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsfg/key_statistics/h.htm. Accessed June 11, 2014.
- Risk estimates of hysterectomy and selected conditions commonly treated with hysterectomy.Ann Epidemiol. 2008; 18: 253-260
- Hysterectomy surveillance in the United States—1997 through 2005.Med Sci Monit. 2008; 14: CR24-CR31
- Long-term overall and disease-specific mortality associated with benign gynecologic surgery performed at different ages.Menopause. 2014; 21: 592-601
- Changes in cardiovascular risk factors by hysterectomy status with and without oophorectomy.J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013; 62: 191-200
- Hysterectomy in young women associates with higher risk of stroke: a nationwide cohort study.Int J Cardiol. 2013; 168: 2616-2621
- Hysterectomy and risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based cohort study.Eur Heart J. 2011; 32: 745-750
- Risk of cardiovascular disease by hysterectomy status, with and without oophorectomy: the Women’s Health Initiative observational study.Circulation. 2005; 111: 1462-1470
- Cardiovascular morbidity in relation to ovarian function after hysterectomy.Obstet Gynecol. 1995; 85: 515-522
- Menopause and the risk of coronary heart disease in women.N Engl J Med. 1987; 316: 1105-1110
- Hysterectomy.in: Goldman M. Troisi R. Rexode K.M. Women and health. 2nd ed. Academic Press, San Diego (CA)2013: 405-421
- Age at menopause and determinants of hysterectomy and menopause in a multi-ethnic community: the Hilo Women’s Health Study.Maturitas. 2013; 76: 334-341
- Prevalence of hysterectomy and associated factors in women Veterans Affairs patients.J Reprod Med. 2005; 50: 166-172
- Hysterectomy in Veterans Affairs medical centers.Obstet Gynecol. 2001; 97: 880-884
- Intimate partner violence and cervical neoplasia.J Womens Health. 2000; 9: 1015-1023
- Medical profile of women Veterans Administration outpatients who report a history of sexual assault occurring while in the military.J Women’s Health Gend Based Med. 1999; 8: 835-845
- Lifetime sexual assault and cervical cytologic abnormalities among military women.J Womens Health. 2011; 20: 1693-1701
- Military sexual trauma: a review of prevalence and associated health consequences in veterans.Trauma Violence Abuse. 2008; 9: 250-269
- Prevalence of sexual assault history among women with common gynecologic symptoms.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998; 179: 1013-1019
- Early life emotional, physical, and sexual abuse and the development of premenstrual syndrome: a longitudinal study.J Womens Health. 2014; 23: 729-739
- Factors predisposing women to chronic pelvic pain: systematic review.BMJ. 2006; 332: 749-755
- Adult health status of women with histories of childhood abuse and neglect.Am J Med. 1999; 107: 332-339
- Childhood abuse or neglect is associated with increased vasomotor symptom reporting among midlife women.Menopause. 2008; 15: 16-22
- Voluntary and involuntary childlessness in female veterans: associations with sexual assault.Fertil Steril. 2014; 102: 539-547
- Correlates of sexual functioning in women veterans: mental health, gynecologic health, health status, and sexual assault history.Int J Sex Health. 2012; 24: 60-77
- Sexuality, sexual dysfunction, and sexual assault.in: Berek J.S. Berek and Novak’s gynecology. 14th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia (PA)2007: 313-349
- Health indicators for military, veteran, and civilian women.Am J Prev Med. 2012; 42: 473-480
- Health-related consequences of physical and sexual violence: women in the military.Obstet Gynecol. 2000; 96: 473-480
- Military-related sexual trauma among Veterans Health Administration patients returning from Afghanistan and Iraq.Am J Public Health. 2010; 100: 1409-1412
- Evaluation of universal screening for military-related sexual trauma.Psychiatr Serv. 2008; 59: 635-640
- The Veterans Health Administraion and military sexual trauma.Am J Public Health. 2007; 97: 2160-2166
- Gang and multiple rapes during military service: health consequences and health care.J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2005; 60: 33-41
- The role of cumulative sexual trauma and difficulties identifying feelings in understanding female veterans’ physical health outcomes.Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2008; 30: 162-170
- The military environment: risk factors for women’s non-fatal assaults.J Occup Environ Med. 2001; 43: 325-334
- Adverse childhood experiences, military service, and adult health.Am J Prev Med. 2015; 49: 573-582
- Dispartities in adverse childhood experiences among individuals with a history of military service.JAMA Psychiatry. 2014; 71: 1041-1048
- Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Study.Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995; 52: 1048-1060
- DMS-IV diagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder in women veterans with and without military sexual trauma.J Gen Intern Med. 2006; 21: S65-S69
- Sexual assault in women veterans: an examination of PTSD risk, health care utilization, and cost of care.Psychosom Med. 2004; 66: 749-756
- Posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and medical comorbidity among returning US veterans.J Trauma Stress. 2012; 25: 220-225
- Medical care needs of returning veterans with PTSD: their other burden.J Gen Intern Med. 2011; 26: 33-39
- Posttraumatic stress symptomatology as a mediator of the association between military sexual trauma and post-deployment physical health in women.J Trauma Dissoc. 2011; 12: 275-289
- Evolving comprehensive VA women’s health care: patient characteristics, needs, and preferences.Womens Health Issues. 2011; 21: S120-S129
- American Medical Association. Strategies for treatment and prevention of sexual assault. American Medical Association, Chicago (IL)1995
- Sexual assault.ACOG Educ Bull. 1997; 242: 1-7
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data. Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/annual_data/annual_2008.htm. Updated July 23, 2013. Accessed Sept. 29, 2014.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Overview: BRFSS 2008. Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/annual_data/annual_2008.htm. Updated July 23, 2013. Accessed Sept. 29, 2014.
American College of Surgeons. User guide for the 2008 participant use data file. July 2009. Available at: http://site.acsnsqip.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Final-user-guide-08-PUF.pdf. Accessed Sept. 26, 2014.
- IBM Corporation. IBM SPSS statistics for Windows [computer program]. Version 22.0. IBM Corp, Armonk (NY)2013
- Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. Report no. NCJ183781.US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, Washington (DC)2001
- National Crime Victimization Survey: criminal victimization. Report no. NCJ224390.US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, Washington (DC)2008
- The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 summary report.National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (GA)2011
- Lifespan and repeated violence against women during military service: effects on health status and outpatient utilization.J Womens Health. 2004; 13: 799-811
- Sourcebook: women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration. Volume 3. Sociodemographics, utilization, costs of care, and health profile. Women’s Health Evaluation Initiative, Women’s Health Services.Women’s Health Evaluation Initiative, Women’s Health Services, Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington (DC)2014
- Predictors of hysterectomy: an Australian study.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999; 180: 945-954
Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Media Relations. Women Veterans Task Force draft plan released. VA seeks public comment on strategies. Press release, May 15, 2012. Available at: http://www.va.gov/opa/pressrel/pressrelease.cfm?id=2314. Accessed April 6, 2013.
National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics. Veteran population. Available at: http://www.va.gov/VETDATA/Veteran_Population.asp. Accessed April 6, 2013.
Women Veterans Health Care. Facts and statistics about women veterans. The changing face of women veterans. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.va.gov/WOMENSHEALTH/facts.asp. Accessed April 6, 2013.
- Factors related to attrition from VA healthcare use: findings from the National Survey of Women Veterans.J Gen Intern Med. 2013; 28: 510-516
- Committee opinion: health care for women in the military and women veterans.Obstet Gynecol. 2012; 120: 1538-1542
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States Government.
This study was supported by Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research and Development , grant NRI 04-194-1 (to Dr Sadler) and Women’s Reproductive Health Research grant K12-NIH-HD063117 (to Dr Ryan). Neither funding source played a role in the conduct of the research or the preparation of the article.
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Cite this article as: Ryan GL, Mengeling MA, Summers KM, et al. Hysterectomy risk in premenopausal-aged military veterans: associations with sexual assault and gynecologic symptoms. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2016;214:352.e1-13.