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Cesarean scar pregnancy: noninvasive and effective treatment with high-intensity focused ultrasound

Published:April 24, 2014DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2014.04.024

      Objective

      The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate whether ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can play a role in treating cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).

      Study Design

      Between November 2011 and December 2012, 16 patients with CSP were treated with ultrasound-guided HIFU ablation. Successful treatment was defined as disappearance of CSP mass, undetectable serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin, and no serious complications such as severe bleeding, uterine rupture, or hysterectomy.

      Results

      All patients were successfully treated in the outpatient department and none required readmission. After 2-5 treatment sessions, the mean time for achieving undetectable serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin was 4.94 ± 2.32 weeks, and the mean time for CSP mass disappearance was 6.69 ± 3.36 weeks. Three patients experienced moderate abdominal pain that subsided in 1-2 days, and nine patients experienced mild vaginal bleeding (<30 mL) that resolved within 2-3 days. All 16 patients had recovered their normal menstruation function at follow-up.

      Conclusion

      These preliminary results suggest that ultrasound-guided HIFU ablation is a noninvasive, feasible, and effective method for the treatment of CSP.

      Key words

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