Changes in bowel symptoms 1 year after rectocele repair


      We sought to evaluate changes in bowel symptoms after rectocele repair and identify risk factors for persistent symptoms.

      Study Design

      We conducted ancillary analysis of a randomized surgical trial for rectocele repair. Subjects underwent examinations and completed questionnaires for bowel symptoms at baseline and 12 months postoperatively. Outcomes included resolution, persistence, or de novo bowel symptoms. We used multiple logistic regression to identify risk factors for bowel symptom persistence.


      A total of 160 women enrolled: 139 had baseline bowel symptoms and 85% had 12-month data. The prevalence of bowel symptoms decreased after rectocele repair (56% vs 23% splinting, 74% vs 37% straining, 85% vs 19% incomplete evacuation, 66% vs 14% obstructive defecation; P < .001 for all). On multiple logistic regression, a longer history of splinting was a risk factor for persistent postoperative splinting (adjusted odds ratio, 2.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–4.93).


      Bowel symptoms may improve after rectocele repair, but almost half of women will have persistent symptoms.

      Key words

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