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Use of in-cycle antimüllerian hormone levels to predict cycle outcome

      Objective

      The goal of this work is to expand the usefulness of antimüllerian hormone (AMH) in predicting in vitro fertilization cycle outcome by demonstrating that AMH concentration obtained in an ongoing treatment cycle predicts both oocyte number and pregnancy.

      Study Design

      Serum samples were obtained from 190 in vitro fertilization patients at onset of follicle-stimulating hormone stimulation. These were analyzed retrospectively during a single cycle in which clinicians were blinded to the results. Our major outcome measures were the number of oocytes obtained and ongoing pregnancy.

      Results

      Patients with an initial AMH concentration of >3 ng/mL were found to produce a mean of 19.8 oocytes and had an ongoing pregnancy rate of 60.3%. In contrast, those with AMH values of ≤1 ng/mL yielded a mean of 6.2 oocytes and had an ongoing pregnancy rate of 23.4% (P < .0001 for both).

      Conclusion

      Greater AMH serum concentration strongly predicts an increased number of oocytes and ongoing pregnancy (P ≤ .0001).

      Key words

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