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Cervicoisthmic cerclage: transabdominal vs transvaginal approach

Published:April 20, 2009DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2009.03.020

      Objective

      We sought to compare the outcomes of cervicoisthmic (CI) cerclage using traditional transabdominal (TA) approach vs the lesser used transvaginal (TV) approach.

      Study Design

      We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent placement of a CI cerclage.

      Results

      Before CI placement, the abdominal group had a total of 100 pregnancies that continued beyond the first trimester and had 27 (27%) surviving infants. After cerclage placement, there were 34 pregnancies and 24 (71%) surviving infants. Before cerclage placement, the vaginal group had a total of 90 pregnancies that continued beyond the first trimester and had 11 (12%) surviving infants. After cerclage placement, there were 29 pregnancies and 20 (69%) surviving infants. The vaginal cerclage group had a significantly shorter mean operative time of 33 vs 69 minutes, and shorter hospital stay of 0.5 vs 3.2 days.

      Conclusion

      Both TV and TA CI cerclage offers select patients with cervical insufficiency improved neonatal survival. The TV placement of a CI has less morbidity than the TA approach with a comparable neonatal survival.

      Key words

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