Luteinizing hormone and ovulation timing in a therapeutic donor insemination program using frozen semen

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      A series of 110 therapeutic donor insemination cycles was analyzed to determine the impact on fecundity when a urinary luteinizing hormone detection kit was used to plan inseminations. To prevent the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, frozen semen, thawed after a 90-day quarantine, was used. The minimum standard for insemination with cryopreserved semen was a total of 24 x 106 motile sperm per milliliter after thawing. Fecundity was 0.12 when insemination timing was based on cervical mucus evaluation and basal body temperature charts and 0.13 when a urinary luteinizing hormone kit was also used to predict ovulation. Life table analysis with the log rank test showed no statistically significant difference in the number of cycles required to achieve conception betwen the group of patients using conventional methods of ovulation timing and the group of patients using the urinary luteinizing hormone kit. Urinary luteinizing hormone testing offers no advantage over conventional methods, such as cervical mucus examination and evaluation of basal body temperature, when ovulation is being timed for insemination with frozen donor semen. (Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;160:1169-72.)

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