Group B streptococcal colonization and antibody status in lower socioeconomic parturient women

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      This investigation was undertaken to determine the prevalence of group B streptococcal vaginal and throat colonization among lower socioeconomic preganat women and the antibody concentration to the capsular polysaccharide antigen of type III group B streptococcus in their sera. Group B streptococci were recovered from 28.6 per cent of the 112 women studied; vaginal colonization was detected in 23.4 per cent, throat colonization in 4.7 per cent, and colonization at both sites in 0.9 per cent of the patients, respectively. Among these isolates of group B streptococci, serotypes III (39.5 per cent) and II (30.3 per cent) predominated. No differences were found between colonized and noncolonized women with respect to age, race, marital status, or parity. The majority of all women studied had low concentration of antibody in serum (< 1.0 μg per milliliter). However, women with isolation of type III group B streptococci from cultures at the time sera were collected had significantly higher concentrations than did women without group B streptococcal colonization.
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