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Ovarian smooth muscle in the human being, rabbit, and cat

Histochemical and electron microscopic study
  • Hitoshi Okamura
    Footnotes
    Affiliations
    Division of Reproductive Biology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

    Pennsylvania Hospital Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • Pramuan Virutamasen
    Footnotes
    Affiliations
    Division of Reproductive Biology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

    Pennsylvania Hospital Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • Karen H. Wright
    Affiliations
    Division of Reproductive Biology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

    Pennsylvania Hospital Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • Edward E. Wallach
    Correspondence
    Reprint requests: Edward E. Wallach, M.D., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pennsylvania Hospital, 807 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107
    Affiliations
    Division of Reproductive Biology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

    Pennsylvania Hospital Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • Author Footnotes
    ∗ Ford Foundation Fellow in Reproductive Biology.
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      Abstract

      The nature and distribution of smooth muscle cells in the ovaries of the cat, rabbit, and human being were investigated by both histochemical and electron microscopic studies. In the human ovary, the typical smooth muscle cells are abundant in both the theca externa of the follicle and the cortical stroma. In the rabbit ovary, smooth muscle cells are concentrated in the cortical stroma rather than in the follicle wall. In the cat ovary, the smooth muscle cells cannot be considered typical. The characteristic features of these cells are discussed, and the possible role of ovarian smooth muscle in the ovulatory mechanism is suggested.
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